Hire Backend Developer
in the East Europe

There are various programming technologies used to cover backend of Web Applications,
but what to choose and where to find the best coders…

Backend is an integral part of every Website and Application, which is invisible for the end-users, but is way important for an interactive experience and comfort. Wide accessibility to high-speed Internet and appliance of the technologies like AJAX or APIs transformed the experience of using online sources significantly, which became very suitable for browsing and surfing from any Internet-ready device.

Modern users expect immediate page-opening, fast reloading, and smooth displaying of interactive content, and all those backend aspects should be coded on the highest level. Taking into account that online content becomes more colorful, diversified, interactive, and complicated, the demand for backend developers will only increase.

With 10+ years of experience Orange Sputnik comes to the rescue. We are providing our customers with the best remote tech talents, making this process fast and flexible via Staff Augmentation approach. The only you need is just to define a particular details for job description while we will match the best candidates and will take care of boring and distracting details like retention practices, taxes management, etc.

Hire Backend Developers

Backend Developers:
What these developers do, Why needed,
and Where to find?

  • What are the roles and responsibilities of Backend developers?
    Every Web Page has a visual side (frontend) and server side (backend), so developers are usually divided into those two big groups. Backend developers are responsible for the smooth functioning of hidden aspects like database, APIs, and overall smooth exchanging data among the elements in the web.
  • Why are Backend Developers currently in demand?
    Every application and the online page should be optimized for the best possible user experience. It means that opening, reloading, or data transfer time should be minimized to reduce the waiting-time and dissatisfaction of customers. Such a task is not the easiest one due to a variety of aspects that should be known.
  • Is seeking Backend Developers in East Europe is a right decision?
    East Europe can be easily named the golden mean in Software Development destination. What relates to backend developers from this region, they demonstrate perfect quality for lower expenses compared to the rest of EU or North America. You can surely find an appropriate candidate in terms of quality/pay ratio, and make it twice faster with Staff Augmentation provided by Orange Sputnik.

With Ukraine in the heart

Staying with Ukraine in the heart and having over 10 years of experience in Staff Augmentation, Orange Sputnik creates the most suitable conditions to hire developers for companies relying on IT technology.

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How to hire right Backend Developers?

What backend technologies are in demand?

The process of creating Web Pages and Applications is quite complicated and has numerous aspects that should be accomplished by professionals. However, web designing can be divided into two major types: backend and frontend. Those who can write code in both directions are usually called Fullstack Developers. However, such unification is valuable only to save some budget while professionals prefer to divide web programming into more narrow directions.

Even though, the backend is not a tiny beam - it’s more a massive area, where numerous languages, multiple frameworks, and various approaches are used for solving particular tasks. To define the most often required knowledge that is related to producing reliable backend service, we have analyzed over 100 CVs on Glassdoor. We selected random CVs from the list of 2500+ total job postings and took only companies with 1- 200 members (larger companies may have more narrow and specific requirements). Actually, the list of technologies mentioned below can become a core for preparing interview questions for a backend developer.

We divided the most often mentioned technologies into 7 groups, where “languages” are separated, and highlighted below fitting size of the research.

In general, the chart below shows the frequency of usage of technologies and languages that are often mentioned in job postings.

Frequency of technologies mentioning for the Backend Developer job

Frequency of technologies mentioning for the job backend developer

Explanation to the chart above:

Under ‘Core backend’ we mean all the server-side processing and maintaining, knowing architecture and infrasctructure principles and related aspects, which were mentioned in all the CVs. The situation with APIs and databases is quite predictable as those technologies are the must for every backend developer, and it looks like some tenants did not list those technologies as kept in mind that its a basis and can be skipped.

Among the other evident tendencies is the ability to be good enough in testing or QA, which is another core skill for good backend developer. Cloud technologies like AWS, GCP, Digital Ocean, and Azure were often met in CVs’ descriptions as well. Knowledge of frontend technologies, including CSS and HTML, or frameworks was mentioned only in about 25% of employment specifics.

The situation with languages will be explained in more details below in this article.

What languages are most often used in Backend Web Development?

The conversation about programming languages that are used for backend can be a complex one and deserves not a pitstop but a deeper review. While you drop an eye to the chart back to check the frequency of mentioning technologies and languages in the CVs, coding approaches have to be explained in more details.

Thus, some employers started to list languages but used ‘etc.’, so we cannot definitely state Java as the most popular backend language. Also, we have to remind that we chose only 100 random CVs, while there are 2500+ backend job postings only on Glassdoor.

To finalize the understanding of best backend languages, we’ll post two more charts from CodinGame 2020 Developer Survey Report: “Which Programming Languages do Developers Know Best?” and “Developers’ Most-Loved Programming Languages” are presented below:

Top-15 best-known programming languages

Answer Choices Responces
JavaScript 65.46%
Java 62.74%
Python 57.13%
C++ 51.73%
C 49.58%
C# 42.92%
PHP 39.10%
Bash 26.73%
VB.NET 11.54%
Other 10.33%
Pascal/Delphi 8.62%
Ruby 7.81%
Go 7.02%
Lua 6.85%
Kotlin 6.82%

Top-15 most loved programming languages

Answer Choices Responces
Python 35.97%
JavaScript 29.48%
Java 29.10%
C# 24.98%
C++ 24.26%
C 13.15%
PHP 11.47%
Other 4.96%
Bash 4.12%
Kotlin 3.94%
Go 3.87%
Rust 3.25%
Ruby 2.87%
Swift 2.30%
Haskell 1.92%

Backend Developer basic skills and roles

All Backend Developers should be familiar with the following aspects of server-side work:

  • Clearly understand the task to choose the most fitting language/architecture/logic for a backend solution
  • Be aware of the core differences between the functioning of the web on desktop and mobile, their combination if required
  • Know the basics of the frontend (HTML, JavaScript, and CSS) for better performance of both sides
  • Possibilities of the chosen approach in terms of adding or expanding its functionality, connection external services (like payment), possible security issues
  • Understand the whole concept and connecting logic among APIs, databases, servers, and frontend of the App or Webpage

API as an integral part of knowledge of a Backend Developer

Application Programming Interface (API) has become a mandatory part of Web Services since allows simplified data exchange. So, a Backend Developer has to know various kinds of calls, their order, functions, purposes, and possibilities. Amid the most widely used architecture and protocol approaches are REST, GraphQL, GRPC, and SOAP.

Databases and their role in Backend Development

The database (DB) is another obligatory element of every online Application and Webpage, which runs on the server side and included in the responsibilities of backend developer. Thus, a professional has to know differences between SQL and NoSQL, compatibility and scalability of the particular DB, and related mechanisms like caching. Among the most popular databases are MySQL, MariaDB, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, Oracle, and Sybase.

Cloud technologies in backend

One more inrush technology that is currently needed is cloud services, where three primary leaders are:

  • Amazon Web Services (AWS)
  • Microsoft Azure
  • Google Cloud Platform (GCP)
  • Digital Ocean (DO)

If it is needed, a Backend Developer has to understand the advantages and drawbacks among the providers, including tools, computations, storage, and even pricing. A business owner also has to know a bit more about cloud technologies as modern ones suggest using AI, Machine Learning, Blockchain technologies, integrations, and even separate databases for usage.

Bonus: backend for Mobile Development

Even though mobile technologies were not so often mentioned in the CVs review to add them to the chart above, there are a few aspects that should be explained. Nowadays, business owners can use three primary methods of implementing a backend for their mobile applications:

  • Cloud Server. That is a very suitable approach to create a flexible server side of the Mobile App as providers offer databases and storing place for their users. Not the cheapest method, but rather flexible.
  • Bare Metal Server. That is the oldest variant that assumes the existence of independent hardware with static IP. The backend developers can make everything that is needed without any visible restrictions, but maintenance and physical servers can be an obstacle itself.
  • MBaaS Server. Mobile Backend as a Service (or backendless) is a quite new but interesting approach, which provides clients with all the needed services related to the mobile backend without buying separate hardware or cloud hosting. That would be the cheapest one but the most limited as well. The most well-known services are Firebase, AWS Amplify, Game Sparks.

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Most popular programming languages

Which language or technology is better for backend solutions?

Actually, there is no answer to the question like “which language or technology is better for backend solutions?” since every language has own advantages and drawbacks. All the charts above cannot be called dedicated surveys of the backend languages, but allow highlighting most widely used ones. Some developers make an emphasis on time-to-market, others on the reliability and speed, while the thirds rely only on the costs or online security. Though, our list is not full and has no ranks to exclude general conversations like “which language is better” with short identifying strong and weak points of each approach.

Among the most popular programming languages we can highlight:

  • PHP
  • Java
  • JavaScript and NodeJS
  • Python
  • C#/.NET
  • C++
  • Ruby
  • Golang
  • Rust

Backend programming on C#/.NET

ASP.NET is a framework created based on .NET languages, which are using CLI (Common Language Infrastructure), mostly C# language. ASP.NET was designed by Microsoft for solving dynamic web tasks using quite different languages in the core, but which is still similar to C++ and Java.

This quite simple method of developing well-secured complex web pages with good flexibility for different platforms is rather popular, but license cost and backwards compatibility may change the overall attitude to it.

You can build interactive Web UI with C#. ASP.NET includes Blazor, a feature of ASP.NET for building interactive web UIs using C# instead of JavaScript. Blazor gives you real .NET running in the browser on WebAssembly.

C++ for the programming of backend

It can look strange that one of the oldest and most powerful coding languages is placed at the bottom of the list. However, it is not so often used for writing backend of online projects even though it can provide the fastest applications with broad potential. The lack of ready solutions facilitates the appearance of numerous libraries and frameworks written on other languages, which are simplifying the work of Backend Web Developers. C++ is like a complex high-tech surgery in the world where people are mostly dealing with acne.

Ruby-on-Rails in backend

This framework is written on Ruby language, especially for resolving programming tasks on the server side of the Web Applications. Ruby-on-Rails is the right choice for those with limited time and budget as there are plenty of ready pieces of the final code, but some compatibility issues and decreased processing speed are among the major drawbacks.

PHP Backend Development

Probably, the most popular coding language used for the backend. It gained vast popularity due to its comparative simplicity, stability, and flexibility, which helps to combine various databases with manifold frontend frameworks. Nevertheless, one of the major drawbacks of PHP is an inappropriate security level, which is a crucial issue nowadays.

Java backend programming

One of the oldest programming tools found a vast usage in the backend of web solutions. 25 years of its appliance confirm that Java is one of the most stable and flexible methods to combine backend and frontend. However, a too complicated code written on this language can scare a newcomer who felt advantages of some popular and simple frameworks.

Building backend with JavaScript (NodeJS)

Being the most widely used for the frontend, JavaScript language is ready to solve backend tasks with NodeJS environment that adjusts JavaScript code for the server side. A syntax that is common to C++ and JavaScript makes NodeJS an excellent tool for those who know the aforementioned languages. However, many developers still think that NodeJS is a result of synthetic needs than a natural appearance.

Developing the backend with Python

Young and dynamically developing language increases the influence in the software creation due to its simple syntax and flexibility, which is used even for the AI. It may seem that Python is a bingo-choice for both young developers and business owners, who rely on perspectives. Nevertheless, two major drawbacks can decrease your optimism. The lack of backwards compatibility forces to adjust source code almost manually, while worse speed compared to C++, PHP and Java can be vital for some backend solutions.

Golang/Go, Rust, Erlang/Elixir in the backend

Those languages and approaches can be easily used for creating valuable backend solutions for the web. As it was mentioned above, their appliance depends more on the preferences of the developer or specifics of the tasks they should accomplish. Thus, Goland was developed inside Google with the desire to upgrade C/C++ opportunities. Rust is sponsored by Mozilla and can also be compared to C++ in terms of speed, but tend to be even more reliable and safe. Erlang/Elixir are supported by Ericsson and found some appliance in the narrower projects.

Backend Developers average wages

As backend is a huge part in programming with numerous related technologies that should be known by those engineers, it’s quite hard to make some sort of unified statistics. Nevertheless, we found the way to present your numbers for the backend wages.

The worldwide wages distribution of Backend Developers

One of the ways to understand the situation with worldwide wages of Backend Developers is to visit the large portal (we used Glassdoor) and sort discovered data by country. As you can see in the chart below, the US and Israel are the leaders in terms of highest annual wages with numbers of about $100K+ and $75k+ respectively. East Europe shows the opposite results and seems to be a profitable place to hire backend developers.

Average wages of backend developers (by country)

Average slary of backend developer (by country)

How much do Backend Developers make?

The statistics for Backend Developers was made on the data our company collected. We decided to divide it both by the experience and languages that are most often used for backend programming. As you can see from the chart the monthly rate of the developers is less than $2000. Middle-level programmers cost about $3000 per month, while the most experienced and professional ones are available from $4k monthly.

Wages distribution of Backend Developers (by language and expirience)

Wages Distribution Backend Developers

Final Words

We tried to shed light on the Backend Development. It is one of the widest part in the nowadays programming, so you has to understand all major directions and aspects related to it. We hope our article helped you to make the right choice while choosing or seeking Backend Developers. If you still have some question please contact our managers via contact form.

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